Major Cities of Egypt
Located in Northern Egypt, near the Nile Delta, Cairo dates back to ancient times. Cairo and its suburbs have exploded in population in the last 150 years. In 1850, there were only 250,000 people living in the Cairo area. Today there are well over 15 million people in Cairo and Giza, and the towns that immediately surround it. As a modernized city, there are many forms of public transportation available in Cairo. Rail, metro, busses, taxis, trams and airplanes aid in moving people about the city, country and world. Cairo is Egypt's largest city.
Sitting northwest of the Nile Delta, Alexandria is the second largest city of Egypt. It is a port city, and its sandy beaches reach into the Mediterranean Sea. It was founded by Alexander the Great more than 2300 years ago, and received its name from him. Alexandria is a popular summer vacation destination, thanks to its climate with warm summers and mild winters.