CANOPIC JARS OF INPUHOTEP
Material: Limestone, Painted Wood
Period: Middle Kingdom, 12th Dynasty
Height: 34 cm
Diameter: 11 cm
The term canopic derives from the name of a village called Canopus by the Greeks (present day Abukir). It defines a certain type of urns which was used to contain the human viscera extracted during the process of mummification. The jars were first sealed with bulky stoppers but by the Old Kingdom the lids displayed human heads representing the deceased. Later, these jar seals represented the actual heads of the sons of Horus, hence they depicted a baboon's head, a jackal's, and a falcon's. The last one retained its human shape. These canopic jars were discovered in a Middle Kingdom tomb, inscribed with the name of Inpuhotep.