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The Mastba of Khufukhaf (G 7140), A son of Khufu At Giza


The Mastaba of Khufukhaf (G 7140), A son of Khufu At Giza

by Jimmy Dunn

Khufukhaf, a Priest and son of Khufu from his Pyramid G 7140 at Giza

During the reign of the famous pyramid builder, Khufu, private tomb decoration began to expand. At this point, chapels bearing carved and painted scenes and inscriptions on interior walls of limestone were added inside the core of mastaba structures. One good example of such a tomb is located in the Eastern cemetery at Giza (G 7140). It belonged to a priest from the reign of Khufu named Khufukhaf I, who was also his son. On the back of one of the casing stones displaced from the east face of this mastaba style tome, quarry marks appear to contain a date indicating that it was build in the 23rd year of Khufu's reign.


This tomb consists of an entrance corridor, a vestibule, a main room or chapel and a burial chamber. It is located just east of the pyramid of Queen Henutsen, who is thought to perhaps be his mother, and very near the tomb of Meresankh III. Queen Henutsen's pyramid is the middle of the three secondary pyramids of Khufu.

Khufukhaf and his mother, probably Henutsen, receiving offerings

Khufukhaf and his mother, probably Henutsen, receiving offerings


The east wall of the main room depicting offerings in three registers

The east wall of the main room depicting offerings in three registers


Floorplan of the tomb of Khufukhaft

This tomb shows remarkably well-crafted, large-scale figures of the deceased and his wife, Nefretkau, in a number of poses and wearing different costumes, along with other individuals. The bas-reliefs of this small tomb are very refined and perfectly preserved, although there is not a trace of color. Also depicted are countless offerings, made magically available for eternity by virtue of being carved in stone. However, these carved offerings were not completely relied upon by the deceased. There were also models found, such as that of a beer vessel, just a few centimeters in height, which bore the same offering spells as the carved and painted two dimensional representations. Yet, there was also found in the tomb and actual beer vessel.

Khufukhaf receives a lotus flower from a young woman who is probably one of his daughters

Khufukhaf receives a lotus flower from a young woman who is probably one of his daughters


Khufukhaf I embraced by his wife, Nefret-Kau

Khufukhaf I embraced by his wife, Nefret-Kau

Specific scenes include, on either side of the door in the vestibule, two large representations of the deceased with his mother (left) and son (right) as Khufukhaf receives offerings. The theme of these scenes continues into the next main room, were there is also a false door. In the northern part of this room, arranged on five panels, is a procession of people bearing offerings from the possessions of the deceased, who is shown accompanied by his wife.

Cartouche of Khufukhaf I

On the west wall of this main room is a beautiful door, with jambs and lintels decorated with bas reliefs and texts, that lead to the burial chamber. However, the burial chamber itself is undecorated, and most probably dates to a later period.

Doorway to the burial chamber

Doorway to the burial chamber


The burial chamber, which is probably a latter addition

The burial chamber, which is probably a latter addition

Resources:


Title

Author

Date

Publisher

Reference Number

Art of Ancient Egypt, The

Robins, Gay

1997

Harvard University Press

ISBN 0-674-00376-4

Atlas of Ancient Egypt

Baines, John; Malek, Jaromir

1980

Les Livres De France

None Stated

Complete Pyramids, The (Solving the Ancient Mysteries)

Lehner, Mark

1997

Thames and Hudson, Ltd

ISBN 0-500-05084-8

Early Dynastic Egypt

Wilkinson, Toby A. H.

1999

Routledge

ISBN 0-415-26011-6

Illustrated Guide to the Pyramids, The

Hawass, Zahi; Siliotti, Alberto

2003

American University in Cairo Press, The

ISBN 977 424 825 2

Treasures of the Pyramids, The

Hawass, Zahi

2003

American University in Cairo Press, The

ISBN 977 424 798 1


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