Antiquity News for June 6th 2001
By Amargi Hillier
New Pharaonic Village Discovered in Athar Al-Bwayb Offers A New Surprise
(Dakahlia) An Egyptian archaeological team discovered a large portion of an ancient Pharaonic village in the Athar Al-Bwayb hills in the Dakahlia governate. The village buildings were found to be made from mud bricks. The team also discovered a number of ancient statues which were in remarkable condition suitable to be displayed in museums. They also found a rare statue of the child Horus, which dates back between 1,070 BC and 650 BC.
Ali Ameraya, head of antiquities in Dakahlia, said that last year, the archaeology team discovered a village built from mud bricks in the Athar Al-Bwayb hills. The area of this village is 1 feddan in size. The team continued their work this year on the same mound, extending to deeper levels to see if underground water had reached the antiquities water which then might pose a threat to the site. To their surprise, they found another ancient village beneath the previously discovered one. This lower village consists of three complete houses.
The lowest level village is 400 years older than upper village and is still in good condition. Ali Ameraya explained, "We even found that the entrance of most houses retained worn markings on the doors from the continuous opening and closing of these doors. We also found clay pottery and food utensils including knives and wooden handles. There were a large amount of small statues, jewelry and we found a necklace made of blue and red stone." The team also found a wide variety of amulets, which reflects the religious beliefs of the inhabitants of this village. Many of the amulets were designed to ward off envy or evil.
Mr. Said El-Talhawy, inspector of the antiquities in Dakahlia, added, "One of the most important discoveries in this village is a rattle made from bronze which depicts Hathor, the Goddess of Beauty of Love. This rattle was used in ancient religious ceremonies. We also discovered part of a religious crown specific for usage by the Pharaohs. This crown is also made from bronze and contains the Sun Disk painted in red. The crown is 15 centimeters in height. It also features carvings upon it showing a lot of different talisman-like symbols."
Other artifacts found on the site included an amulet depicting Horus/Osiris/Isis, scarabs that were used as stamps, and also found was a papyrus workshop carved from one block of mud.