Egypt: Egypt Antiquity News Briefs at July 2, 2001, Egypt Antiquity News

Egypt Antiquity News Briefs

July 2nd 2001

By Amargi Hiller

An Egyptian expedition in Dakahlia has found an ancient Egyptian colony southwest of Senbellawain. The settlement dates back to the year 3400 BC. The settlement is ancient enough to date back to the time before the dynasties. The expedition unearthed houses, remnants of walls, pottery, utensils and knives. Tombs of the noble in this area were built from mud in the form of Mastabas, divided into five chambers.


The antiquities committee of south Cairo, in cooperation with the antiquities police, has successfully removed a violation on the antiquities of this area, a ceremonial hall built adherent to the Western Wall of Kayetbay Mosque. The hall was posing a threat to the fragile walls of the mosque.


At the Center of African Research a conference was held discussing the importance of saving the mummy of King Ramsis II. The mummy is currently undergoing biological changes. More than one species of fungi are growing on the mummy especially on the back and right arm. One of the leaders of the conference was Jac Mitchen, a leading archeologist and researcher, who confirmed that the fungi growing is foreign to Egypt but grows in hot countries.


A new project is underway to renovate the antiquities area in Tel Basta in the Sharkia governate. This governate has a great history as it was involved in many historical events such as the journey of the Holy Family and the Islamic Conquest. The area of Tel Basta contains many monuments and antiquities, thus an open museum will be established in this area as stated br Dr. Gaballah Ali Gaballah.

Notable Antiquity Events

Discussions Continue Regarding Cleopatra's Signature: Ancient Wording Still Used To This Day

In London, U.K. and specifically in the British Museum, an exhibition was held to discuss a piece of papyrus which contained script on it written by Cleopatra. There have been some doubts that the glyphs on the papyrus were written by the hand of the Queen herself.

Mr. Ahmad Abd El Fattah, Manager of the Roman-Greek Museum in Alexandria, said that the papyrus was found in Abu Seer El Malak in 1903. It was part of the flax wrapping of a mummy and remained unrecognized until the glyphs were understood. To a surprise it was found to date back to the Ptelomic era not to the Roman era.

The papyrus stated a date that gave a clue that it was at the time of Cleopatra. What was written on the papyrus does not have any relationship with the death or beliefs of the after life. It was a taxation order from the Cleopatra to the ruler of Alexandria to exclude the civilian Byblios Candidos from taxation as he exports and imports goods. It also exempted him from the taxation on his land and farms.

A famous signature was written at the end of Cleopatras statement saying to be accredited and executed, which interestingly enough is a phrase still used until this day by officials in Egypt.

The Queen may very well have written herself this herself. This phrase may be one of the inherited phrases of the Egyptian dialect. The dimensions of the papyrus is 23 cm in height and 20 cm wide containing 13 lines.

Byblios Cnadidois was the right arm of Mark Anthony, who was the lover of Queen Cleopatra.