1-888-834-1448

Egypt: Haurun, The Victorious Herdsman


Haurun

Haurun was an earth-god of Canaan identified most importantly in Egypt with the Great Sphinx at Giza.


Haurun is attested as a name in Egypt for over 1200 years from 1900 BC when he occurs in the name of a foreign prince w3hom the Egyptians ceremonially curse.

It is likely that a settlement of Canaanite-Syrian workers near the Sphinx in the New Kingdom made the initial analogy between the guardian figure of Khephren carved over a thousand years earlier, and Haurun. Possibly from its position on the western desert looking towards the rising sun, reinterpreted by this time as the sun-god Harmachis, the Sphinx suggested to the foreign artisans the god Haurun viewing the "City of the East" which Canaanite legend has him founding. A temple to this god, the "House of Haurun" as it was called, was constructed in front of the Sphinx.

Haurun also figures in a magical spell against the dangers of wild animals such as lions or ferocious dogs; he provides the protection under his epithet "the victorious herdsman". There is an inherent contradiction (or dualism) in his character since his role as a healing god in Egypt must be balanced against his action as a god of doom in the Canaanite myth where Haurun is responsible for planting a "tree of death".

Who are we?

Tour Egypt aims to offer the ultimate Egyptian adventure and intimate knowledge about the country. We offer this unique experience in two ways, the first one is by organizing a tour and coming to Egypt for a visit, whether alone or in a group, and living it firsthand. The second way to experience Egypt is from the comfort of your own home: online.