Pharaonic Egypt in Sketches
Nothing remains of the temple of Esna, built during the Ptolemic Period, but this hypostyle hall, dating to the rules of Tiberius and Vespasian. It was used as late as the end of the nineteenth century as a cotton warehouse and later still as an arsenal.
The second courtyard of the Ramesseum, the memorial temple of Ramesses II in western Thebes, which Roberts called the Memnonium. The giant colossus of Ramesses II, the 'Sun of the rulers', lies toppled in the sand.
When Roberts painted the portico of the temple of Horus at Edfu it was still partly buried in sand. This Ptolemaic temple was not uncovered until 1860, when it was excavated by the Egyptologist Auguste Mariette.