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Egyptian Kings (Pharaohs)


About Ancient Egypt
 

Egyptian Kings (Pharaohs), Governors and other Rulers

 

 

An Pharaoh (king) of Egypt   (Amenemhet I)


 

 

 

The Kings of Egypt were not called Pharaohs by the ancient Egyptians. This word was used by the Greeks and Hebrews, and today is commonly used for the ancient Kings of Egypt. We really do not know how many kings ruled in Egypt, for at times in its ancient past the country was split up, and there were at least several kings at the same time. There was also probably kings who ruled regions of Egypt before recorded history, and in fact, several ancient historians record legendary Pharaohs who became Egyptian gods.

See also from our Feature Articles:

 

General Topics Related to Kings

 


Topics Related to Specific Kings

 


For the Earliest known Kings prior to the 1st Dynasty, see

 

 

EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD

 

1st Dynasty

(3050 - 2890)


Little actual history is known of the pharaohs of the early dynasties. Their monuments, however, are some of the most studied artifacts in the world.

 

Horus Aha
Djer (Itit)
Djet (Wadj)
Den (Udimu)
Anendjib
Semerkhet
Qa'a

 

2nd Dynasty
(3890-2686)

Hetepsekhemwy (Hotepsekhemwy)
Reneb (Nebra)
Ninetjer (Nynetjer)
Peribsen (Seth-Peribsen)
Khasekhemwy

 

OLD KINGDOM


The age of the Pyramid. The pyramids of Giza and Dahshur are built during this period.

 

3rd Dynasty


Sanakhte (Nebka) 2650 - 2630
Netjerykhet (Djoser) 2630 - 2611
Sekhemkhet (Djoser Teti) 2611 - 2603
Khaba 2603 - 2599
Huni 2599 - 2575

 

4th Dynasty


Snefru 2575 - 2551
Khufu (Cheops) 2551 - 2528
Djedefre 2528 - 2520
Khafre (Chephren) 2520 - 2494
Menkaure (Mycerinus) 2490 - 2472
Shepseskaf 2472 - 2467

 

5th Dynasty


Userkaf 2465 - 2458
Sahure 2458 - 2446
Neferirkare Kakai 2477-2467
Shepseskare Ini 2426 - 2419
Neferefre 2419 - 2416
Niuserre Izi 2453 - 2422
Menkauhor 2422 - 2414
Djedkare Izezi 2388 - 2356
Unas 2375-2345

 

6th Dynasty

 

Teti 2345 - 2333
Pepy I (Meryre) 2332 - 2283
Merenre Nemtyemzaf 2283 2278
Pepy II (Neferkare) 2278 - 2184

 

FIRST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD

 

This was a very troubled time. There was a breakdown of centralized government, with many kings having overlapping reigns. Montuhotep established order from his capital at Thebes.

 

7th and 8th Dynasties


2150 - 2135

Netrikare

Menkare

Neferkare II

Neferkare III

Djedkare II

Neferkare IV

Merenhor

Menkamin I

Nikare

Neferkare V

Neferkahor

Neferkare VI

Neferkamin II

Ibi I

Neferkaure

Neferkauhor

Neferirkare II

 

Attested Kings about whom nothing more is known

 

Wadjkare

Sekhemkare

Iti

Imhotep

Isu

Iytenu

 

9th and 10th Dynasties


2135 - 1986

Neferkare

several kings named Kheti

Meri-Hathor (?)

 

Merikare 11th Dynasty

 

Inyotef I (Sehertawy) 2134 - 2117

Inyotef II (Wahankh) 2117-2069

Inyotef III (Nakhtnebtepnefer) 2069 - 2060

 

MIDDLE KINGDOM

 

This period is marked with foreign trade and enormous building projects. There is a refinement in the making of jewelry. Prosperity and renaissance existed for a long period of time, but eventually, internal problems become apparent.

 

11th Dynasty


Mentuhotep II 2055 -2004
Mentuhotep III (Sankhkare) 2004 - 1992
Mentuhotep IV (Nebtawyre) 1992 - 1987

 

12th Dynasty

 

Amenemhet I (Sehetepibre) 1991 - 1962
Senusret I (Kheperkare) 1956 - 1911
Amenemhet II (Nubkaure) 1911 - 1877
Senusret II (Khakheperre) 1877 - 1870
Senusret III (Khakaure) 1836 - 1817
Amenemhet III (Nimaatre) 1817 - 1772
Amenemhet IV (Maakherure) 1772 - 1763
Neferusobek (Sobekkare) 1763 - 1759

 

SECOND INTERMEDIATE PERIOD

 

The Hyksos invade and conquer.

Eventually the Theban princes regain power.

Kamose defeats the Hyksos. 13th Dynasty

Wegaf 1783-1779

Amenemhat-senebef

Sekhemre-khutawi

Amenemhat V

Sehetepibre I

Iufni

Amenemhat VI

Semenkare

Sehetepibre II

Sewadjkare

Nedjemibre

Sobekhotep I

Reniseneb

Hor I

Amenemhat VII

Sobekhotep II

Khendjer

Imira-mesha

Antef IV

Seth

Sobekhotep III

Neferhotep I 1696 - 1686

Sihathor 1685 - 1685

Sobekhotep IV 1685 - 1678

Sobekhotep V 1678 - 1674

Iaib 1674 - 1664

Ay 1664 - 1641

Ini I

Sewadjtu

Ined

Hori

Sobekhotep VI

Dedumes I

Ibi II

Hor II

Senebmiu

Sekhanre I

Merkheperre

Merikare

 

14th Dynasty

 

Nehesi

Khatire

Nebfaure

Sehabre

Meridjefare

Sewadjkare

Heribre

Sankhibre

Kanefertemre

Neferibre

Ankhkare, ...

 

15th Dynasty

 

Salitis

Bnon

Apachnan (Khian)

Apophis (Auserre Apepi)

Khamudi

 

16th Dynasty


Anat-Her

User-anat

Semqen

Zaket

Wasa

Qar

Pepi III

Bebankh

Nebmaatre

Nikare II

Aahotepre

Aaneterire

Nubankhre

Nubuserre

Khauserre

Khamure

Jacob-Baal

Yakbam

Yoam

Amu, ...

 

17th Dynasty

 

Antef V

Rahotep

Sobekemzaf I

Djehuti

Mentuhotep VII

Nebirau I

Nebirau II

Semenenre

Suserenre
Sobekemzaf II

Antef VI
Antef VII
Tao I (Senakhtenre)

Tao II (Sekenenre)

Kamose (Wadjkheperre)

 

NEW KINGDOM

 

Extreme prosperity and renaissance in art and building projects mark the beginning of this period. Towards the end of the 19th Dynasty the increasing power of the priesthood corrupts the central government. During the 20th Dynasty tomb robbing is done by officials. The priesthood becomes hereditary and begins to assume secular power. The government breaks down.

 

18th Dynasty


Ahmose (Nebpehtyre) 1539 - 1514
Amenhotep I (Djeserkare) 1514 - 1493
Thutmose I (Akheperkare) 1493 - 1481
Thutmose II (Akheperenre) 1491 - 1479
Hatshepsut (Maatkare) 1473 - 1458
Thutmose III (Menkheperre) 1504 - 1450
Amenhotep II (Akheperure) 1427 - 1392
Thutmose IV (Menkheperure) 1419 - 1386
Amenhotep III (Nebmaatre) 1382 - 1344
Amenhotep IV / Akhenaten 1350 - 1334
Smenkhkare (Ankhkheperure) 1336-1334
Tutankhamun (Nebkheperure) 1334 - 1325
Ay (Kheperkheperure) 1325 - 1321
Horemheb (Djeserkheperure) 1323 - 1295

 

19th Dynasty

 

Ramesses I (Menpehtyre) 1295 - 1294
Seti I (Menmaatre) 1394 - 1279
Ramesses II (Usermaatresetepenre) 1279 - 1213
Merenptah (Baenrehotephirmaat) 1213 - 1203
Amenmesse (Menmire) 1203 - 1200
Seti II (Userkheperuresetepenre) 1200 - 1194
Siptah (Akhenresetepenre) 1194 - 1188
Tausert (Sitremeritamun) 1185-1187

 

20th Dynasty


Setakht (Userkhauremeryamun) 1186 - 1184
Ramesses III (Usermaatremeryamun) 1184 - 1153
Ramesses IV (Hekamaatresetepenamun) 1153 - 1147
Ramesses V (Usermaatresekheperenre) 1147 - 1143
Ramesses VI (Nebmaatremeryamun) 1143 - 1136
Ramesses VII (Usermaatresetepenre) 1136 - 1129
Ramesses VIII (Usermaatreakhenamun) 1129 - 1126
Ramesses IX (Neferkaresetepenre) 1126 - 1108
Ramesses X (Khepermaatresetepenre) 1108 - 1099
Ramesses XI (Menmaatresetepenptah) 1099 - 1069


THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD


The capital moves from Tanis to Libyan, to Nubia, to Thebes, to SAIS, and then back to Nubia and Thebes.


21st Dynasty

 

Northern Kings Southern Rulers at Thebes
Smedes 1070-1044 Herihor 1080-1074
Amenemnisu 1040 Piankh 1074-1070
Psusennes I 1040-992 Pinedjem I 1070-1032
Amenope 993-984 Masaherta 1054-1046
Osochor 984-978 Menkheperre 1045-992
Siamun 978-959 Smendes II 992-990
Psusennes II 959-945 Pinedjem II 990-969
 

Psusennes III 969-945

 

 

22nd Dynasty


Shoshenq I 945-924
Osorkon I 924-909
Takelot 909--?
Shoshenq II ?--883
Osorkon II 883-855
Takelot II 860-835
Shoshenq III 835-783
Pami 783-773
Shoshenq IV 773-735
Osorkon IV 735-712


23rd Dynasty


Pedubaste I 828-803

Osorkon IV 777-749

Peftjauwybast 740-725


24th Dynasty


Shepsesre Tefnakht I 725-720
Wahkare Bakenranef 720-715


LATE KINGDOM


The Nubians fall under the Assyrians invasion.

The Greeks help re-establish order. A renaissance in the arts of the 25th Dynasty shows a return to the Old Kingdom style.

 

25th Dynasty


Piye 747-716 BC
Shebaka 712-698
Shebitku 698-690
Taharqa 690-664
Tantamani 664-657


26th Dynasty


Psammetichus I (Psam-tik) 664-610
Nekau (Necho) II 610-595
Psammetichus II 595-589
Apries 589-570
Amasis 570-526

Psammetichus III 526-525

 

27th Dynasty


Cambyses 525-522
Darius I 521-486
Xerxes I 486-466

Artaxerxes I 465-424

Darius II 424-404


28th Dynasty


Amyrtaios 404-399

 

29th Dynasty


Nepherites I 399-393

Psammuthis 393

Hakoris 393-380
Nepherites II 380


30th Dynasty


The 30th Dynasty contains the last of the Egyptian-born Pharaohs. Nectanebo I 380-362
Teos 365-360
Nectanebo II 360-343


SECOND PERSIAN PERIOD (343-332 B.C.)

 

31st Dynasty


The 31st Dynasty is also known as the Second Persian Period and was added after Manetho created his list of kings..

 

Ochus (Artaxerxes III) 343-338
Arses 338-336
Darius III Codomannus 335-332

 

GRECO-ROMAN PERIOD (332 B.C. - 395 A.D.)

 

Macedonian Kings - Alexandria

 

Alexander the Great 332-323

Philip Arrhidaeus 323-316

Alexander IV 316-304

 

Ptolemaic Dynasty


This period is confusing due to all of the co-regencies. Scholars are not always in agreement on the order of reigns and, in some case, the reigns themselves, from Ptolemy VI through Ptolemy XI. In any event, Egypt's authority and wealth was intact until the death of Cleopatra, at which time, Egypt was overpowered by Rome.

 

Ptolemy I Soter I 323-285
Ptolemy II Philadelphus 282-246
Ptolemy III Euergeter I 246-222
Ptolemy IV Philopator 222-205
Ptolemy V Epiphanes 205-180
Ptolemy VI Philometor 180-164 163-145
Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator 145
Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II 170-163 &
145-116

Cleopatra III & Ptolemy IX Soter II 116-107 &
88-80

Cleopatra III & Ptolemy X Alexander I 107-88
Cleopatra Berenice 81-80
Ptolemy XI Alexander II 80
Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos 80-58 &
55-51

Berenice IV 58-55
Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy XIII 51-47
Cleopatra & Ptolemy XIV 47-44
Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy XV Cesarion 44-30 BC


Roman Emperors

 

Augustus 30 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Tiberius 14-37

Gaius Caligula 37-41

Claudius 41-54

Nero 54-68

Galba 68-69

Otho 69

Vitellius 69

Vespasianus 69-79

Titus 79-81

Domitianus (Domitian) 81-96

Nerva 96-98

Trajanus (Trajan) 98-117

Hadrianus (Hadrian) 117-138

Antoninus Pius 138-161

Marcus Aurelius 161-180

Lucius Verrus

Commodus 180-192

Pertinax 193

Didius Julianus 193

Septimus Severus 193-211

Caracalla 211-217

Macrinus 217-218

Heliogabalus 218-222

Alexander Severus 222-235

Maximinus 235-238

Pupienus 238

Gordianus 238-244

Philippus 244-249

Decius 249-251

Gallus 251-253

Valerianus 253-260

Gallienus 260-268

Claudius II 268-270

Aurelianus 270-275

Tacitus 275-276

Florianus 276

Probus 276-282

Carus 282-283

Numerianus 283-284

Diocletian 284-305

Galerius 305-311

Licinius 308-324

 

The Byzantine Christian Period

 

Coptic Patriarch Name Year Monastery Melkite
Patriarch
Name
Year Actual Ruler Year
          Constantine I 306-37
Athanasius 328-73 ---     Constantine I 306-37
          Constantius II 337-61
          Julian 361-63
          Jovian 363-64
          Valens 364-78
Peter II 373-78 ---     Valens 364-78
          Gratian 367-83
          Valentinian 375-92
Timothy I 378-84 ---     Theodosius I 379-95
Theophilus 384-412 ---     Theodosius I 379-95
          Arcadius 395-408
          Theodosius II 408-50
Cyril I 412-44 Abu Maqar     Theodosius II 408-50
Dioscorus 444-54 ---     Theodosius II 408-50
          Marcian 450-57
Timothy II 457-77 ---     Marcian 450-57
          Leo I 457-74
          Zeno 474-91
Peter III 477-89 ---     Zeno 474-91
Athanasius II 489-96 ---     Zeno 474-91
          Anastasius I 491-518
John I 496-505 Abu Maqar     Anastasius I 491-518
John II 505-16 Zugag (Ennaton)     Anastasius I 491-518
Dioscorus II 516-18 ---     Anastasius I 491-518
          Justin I 518-27
Timothy III 518-36 ---     Justin I 518-27
          Justinian I 527-65
Theodosius I 536-67 --- Paul of Tabennensi 534-40 Justinian I 527-65
      Zoilos 549-51    
      Apollinarios 551-70    
          Justin II 565-78
Peter IV 567-76 Zugag (Ennaton) John II 570-80 Justin II 565-78
Damian 576-605 Abu Yuhinnis     Justin II 565-78
      Eulogios 581-08 Tiberius II 578-82
          Maurice 582-602
      Theodore Skribon 608-09 Phocas 602-10
Anastasius 605-16 ---     Phocas 602-10
      John III the Almoner 610-19 Heraclius 610-619
Andronicus 616-23       Chosroes II
(Persian)
619-629
      George 620-30 Heraclius 629-34
Benjamin I 623-62 Qibriyus Cyrus 630-43 Heraclius 629-34

 

Islamic Period (most, particularly of the early Islamic rulers of Egypt, were governors operating under the authority of foreign Caliphs)

 

Abbasid Rulers

 

Saleh Ibn Ali Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abbas Ibn Abdul Mottalib Ibn Hisham (750-750 AD)

Abu Awn Abdul Malik Ibn Yazid (751-753 AD)

Saleh Ibn Ali Ibn Abdullah ibn Abbas Ibn Abdul Motallib Ibn Hisham (753-755 AD)

Abu Awn Abdul Malik Ibn Yazid (755-758 AD)

Moussa Ibn Ka'b Ibn Oyayna Ibn Aisha Ibn Amro Ibn Serri Ibn Aeiza Ibn al-Harith Ibn Emro'a al-Quays (758- 759 AD)

Mohammed Ibn al-Aha'th al-Khoza'i (759-759 AD)

Hamid Ibn Quahtaba (760- 762 AD)

Yazid Ibn Hatim al-Mohalabi (762- 772 AD)

Mohammed Ibn Abdul Rahman Ibn Muawya Ibn Hodeig (772 - 772 AD)

Moussa Ibn Ollai Ibn Rabah al-lakhmi (772- 778 AD)

Eissa Ibn Loquman al-Gomahi (778- 779 AD)

Wadih, Mawla of Abu Ga'far (779- 779 AD)

Mansour Ibn Yazid Ibn Mansour al-Re'ini (779- 779 AD)

Yahya Ibn Daoud al-horashi (Ibn Mamdoud) (779- 780 AD)

Salim Ibn Sawada al-Tamimi (780- 781 AD)

Ibrahin Ibn Saleh Ibn Abdullah Ibn Abbas (781- 784 AD)

Moussa Ibn Mous'ab al-Khath'ami (784-785 AD)

Asama Ibn Amro al-Ma'fri (785-785 AD)

Al-Fadl Ibn Saleh Ibn Ali al-Abbassi (785-785 AD)

Ali Ibn Salman al-Abbassi (786- 787 AD)

Moussa Ibn Eissa Ibn Moussa al-Abbassi (787-789 AD)

Muslima Ibn Yahia al-Bagli (789- 790 AD)

Mohammed Ibn Zoheir al-Azdi (790-790 AD)

Daoud Ibn Yazid al-Mouhallabi (790-791 AD)

Moussa Ibn Eissa Ibn Moussa al-Abbassi (791-792 AD)

Ibrahim Ibn Saleh Ibn Abdullah al-Abbassi (792-792 AD)

Abdullah Ibn al-Mousayyeb Ibn Zoheir al-Dabbi (792-793 AD)

Ishak Ibn Soliman (793-794 AD)

Harmatha Ibn A'youn (794-795 AD)

Abdullah Ibn al-Mosayyeb al-Abbassi (795 795 AD)

Abdullah Ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbassi (795-795 AD)

Moussa Ibn Eissa Ibn Moussa al-Abbassi (796-797 AD)

Oubeidullah Ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbassi (796-797 AD)

Ismail Ibn Saleh al-Abbassi (797-798 AD)

Ismail Ibn Eaissa al-Abbassi (789-798 AD)

Al-Layth Ibn al-Fadl (798-803 AD)

Ahmed Ibn Ismail Ibn Ali Ibn Abdullah al-Abbassi (803-805 AD)

Abdullah Ibn Mohammed al-Abbassi (Ibn Zeinab) (805-806 AD)

Al-Hussein Ibn Gamil (806-808 AD)

Malik Ibn Dalhem al-Kalbi (808-808 AD)

Al-Hassan Ibn al-Takhtakh (809-809 AD)

Hatim Ibn Harthama Ibn A'youn (810-811 AD)

Gaber Ibn Asha'th al-Ta'i (811-812 AD)

Abbad Ibn Mohammed Ibn Hayyan (812-813 AD)

Al-Mottab Ibn Abdullal al-Khoza'I, Rabei Awwal (813-814 AD)

Al-Abbass Ibn Moussa Ibn Eissa al-Abbassi (814-814 AD)

Al-Mottalib Ibn Abdullah al-Khoza'i (814-815 AD)

Al-Serri Ibn al-Hakam (815-816 AD)

Soliman Ibn Ghalib Ibn Gebril al-Bagli (816-817 AD)

Al-Serri Ibn al-Hakam (817-820 AD)

Abu al-Nassr Ibn al-Serri, Gomadi al-Akhera (820-822 AD)
Obeidullah Ibn al-Serri (822-822 AD)

Khalid Ibn Yazid Ibn Mazid al-Shibany (822-826 AD)
Abdullah Ibn Tahir Ibn al-Hussein (826-827 AD)

Eissan Ibn Yazid al-Gloudi (829-829 AD)
Omair Ibn al-Walid (829-829 AD)

Eissa Ibn Yazid al-Gloudi (829-830 AD)
Abd Waih Ibn Gabla (830-831 AD)

Caliph al-Ma'moun (831-832 AD)
Quaidar Nassr Ibn Abdullah (832-834 AD)

Mozzaffar Ibn Quaidar (834-834 AD)
Moussa Ibn Abi al-Abbass (834-839 AD)

Malik Ibn Quaidar (839-841 AD)
Ali Ibn Yahia al-Armani (841-843 AD)

Eissa Ibn al-Mansour (843- 847 AD)
Harthama Ibn al-Nadr al-Gabali (848- 849 AD)

Hatim Ibn Harthama Ibn al-Nadr (849-849 AD)
Ali Ibn Yahia al-Armani (849-850 AD)

Isshac Ibn Yahia Ibn Mo'az, (850-850 AD)
Khout Abdul Wahid Ibn Yahia (851-851 AD)

Anbassa Ibnn Isshac al-Dabbi (852-856 AD)

 

Non-Abbasid Rulers

 

Yazid Ibn Abdullah al-Tourki (856-867 AD)
Mozahim Ibn Khaqan (867- 868 AD)

Ahmed Ibn Mozahim Ibn Khaqan (868-868 AD)
Azgour al-Torki (868-868 AD)

 

Tulunids

 

Ahmad B. Tulan (Ibn Tulan)(868-884 AD)
Khumarawayh B. Ahmad (884-896 AD)

Abu al-Assaker Gaysh Ibn Khmaraweih Ahmed Ibn Tulan (896-896 AD)

Haroun Ibn Khmaraweih Ibn Ahmed Ibn Tulan (896-904 AD)
Sheiban Ahmed Ibn Tulan (Abu al-Manaquib) (904-904 AD)

 

Abbasid Rulers (Note: Some rulers such as Abu Mansour Tekin ruled more than once)

 

Eissa al-Noushari (905-910 AD)

Abu Mansour Tekin (910-915 AD)

Zaka Al-A'war (915-919 AD)

Abu Mansour Tekin (920-921 AD)

Hilal Ibn Badr (921- 923 AD)

Ahmed Ibn Keghlegh (923-924 AD)

Abu al-Mansour Tekin(924-933 AD)

 

Fatimid Rulers

 

Gawhar El-Sakali (969-973AD)

Al-Mezz Leideinallah (973-975AD)

Al-Aziz Leideinallah (975-996AD)

Al-Hakim Biamrallah (997-1020AD)

Al-Zahir Lazazdinallah ( 1020-1094AD)

Al-Mustansir Biallah ( 1035-1094AD)

Al-Mustali Biallah (1094-1101AD)

Al-Amir Biahkamallah (1101-1130AD)

Al-Hafiz Ledeinallah (1130-1149AD)

Al-Zafir Biamrallah (1149-1154AD)

Al-Faiz Binasrallah (1154-1160AD)

Al-Adid Leideinallah (1160-1171AD)

 

Ayubbide rulers (Second Ayubbide Period)

 

Saladin (Salah al-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub)

(1174-1192AD)

Aziz Emad Eddin (1192-1198AD)

Mansour Nasser Eddin (1198-1200AD)

Adel Seif Eddin (1200-1218AD)

Kamil Nasser Eddin (1218-1238AD)

Seif Eddin Abu Bakr (1238-1240AD)

Salih Nigm Eddin (1240-1249AD)

Turanshah (1250AD)

Queen Shajarat El-Dur(1250AD)

 

Bahari Mamlukes

 

Sultan Ezz Eddin Aybak (1250-1257)

Sultan Nur Eddin ben Aybak (1257-1259)

Sultan Muzafar Seif Eddin Qutuz (1259-1260)

Sultan Zahir Rukn Eddin Baybars (1260-1277)

Sultan Said Nasser Eddin Baraka (1277-1279)

Sultan Adel Badr Eddin Salamish (1279)

Sultan Mansour Seif Eddin Qalawoon (1279-1290)

Sultan Ashraf Salah Eddin Khalil (1290-1293)

Sultan Nasser Mohamed Ben Qalawoon (first time) (1293-1294)

Sultan Adel Zeen Eddin Katubgha (1294-1296)

Sultan Mansour Hossam Eddin Lagin (1296-1298)

Sultan Nasser Mohamed Ben Qalawoon (second time) (1298-1309)

Sultan Muzafar Rukn Eddin Bybars (1309)

Sultan Nasser Mohamed Ben Qalawoon (third time) (1309-1340)

Sultan Mansour Seif Eddin Ben Mohamed (1340-1341)

Sultan Ashraf Alladin Ben Mohamed (1341-1342)

Sultan Nasser Shahab El-Dein Ben Mohamed (1342)

Sultan Saleh Emad Eddin Ben Mohamed (1342-1345)

Sultan Kamil Seif Eddin Ben Mohamed (1345-1346)

Sultan Muzafar Zein Eddin Ben Mohamed (1346-1347)

Sultan Nasser Hassan Ben Mohamed (first time)(1347-1351)

Sultan Salah Eddin Saleh Ben Mohamed (1351-1354)

Sultan Nasser Hassan Ben Mohamed (second time) (1354-1361)

Sultan Salah Eddin Mohamed Ben Hagi (1361-1363)

Sultan Ashraf Zeen Eddin Ben Hassan (1363-1376)

Sultan Mansour Aladin Ben Shaban (1376-1381)

Sultan Salih Zeen Edin Hagi (1381-1382)

 

Circassian (Burgi) Mamlukes

 

Sultan Zaher Barqooq (1382-1399)

Sultan Farag Ben Barqooq (first time) (1399-1405)

Sultan Abd El-Aziz Ben Barqooq (1405)

Sultan Farag Ben Barqooq (second time) (1405-1412)

Sultan Muyaid Sheikh (1412-1421)

Sultan Ahmed Ben Muyaid (1421)

Sultan Zaher Tatar (1421)

Sultan Nasser Mohamed Ben Tatar (1421)

Sultan Ashraf Barsbay (1422-1438)

Sultan Aziz Gamal Ben Barsabay (1438)

Sultan Zaher Gaqmaq (1438-1453)

Sultan Mansour Osman Ben Gaqmaq (1453)

Sultan Ashraf Inal (1453-1460)

Sultan Muayaid Ahmed Ben Inal (1460)

Sultan Zaher Khoshkadam (1461-1467)

Sultan Seif Eddin Yalbai (1467)

Sultan Zaher Tamarbagha (1467)

Sultan Khair Bey (1467)

Sultan Ashraf Qaitbay (1468-1496)

Sultan Ashraf Mohamed Ben Qaitbay (first time)(1496-1497)

Sultan Qansuh Khumsamaah (1497)

Sultan Ashraf Mohamed Ben Qaitbay (second time)(1497-1498)

Sultan Qansuh Ashrafi (1498-1500)

Sultan Ganblat (1500-1501)

Sultan Adel Tumanbay I (1501)

Sultan Ashraf Qansuh Ghori (1501-1516)

Sultan Tumanbay II (1517)

 

Ottoman Rulers

 

Khayer Pasha (1517-22)

Moustafa Pasha (1522-23)

Kouzlagah Pasha (1523)

Ahmed Pasha (1523)

Ibrahim Pasha (1524)

Suliman Pasha (1524-34)

Khissru Pasha (1524-36)

Suliman Pasha (second time)(1536-38)

Daoud Pasha (1538-49)

Moustafa Pasha (1549)

Ali Pasha (1549-54)

Mohamed Pasha (1554-56)

Iskander Pasha (1556-59)

Ali Pasha (1559-1560)

Mustafa Pasha (1560-63)

Ali Pasha (1563-1566)

Mohamed Pasha (1566-67)

Sanan Pasha (first time)(1567-68)

Garkas Pasha (1568-71)

Sanan Pasha (second time)(1571-73)

Hussein Pasha (1573-74)

Massih Pasha (1575-80)

Hassan Pasha (1580-83)

Ibrahim Pasha (1583-85)

Sanan Pasha (1585-87)

Ouis Pasha (1587-91)

Hafiz Pasha (1591-95)

Mohamed Pasha (1595-96)

Mohamed Pasha El-Sharif (1596-98)

Khedr Pasha (1598-1601)

Ali Pasha (1601-3)

Ibrahim Pasha (1603-4)

Mohamed Pasha (1604-5)

Hassan Pasha (1605-7)

Mohamed Pasha Moamar (1607-11)

Mohamed Pasha Sadafi (1611-15)

Ahmed Pasha (1615-18)

Moustafa Pasha (1618-19)

Gaafar Pasha (1619)

Moustafa Pasha Hamidi (1619-20)

Hussein Pasha (1620-22)

Mohamed Pasha (1622)

Ibrahim Pasha (1622-23)

Moustafa Pasha Qurah (1623)

Ali Pasha (1623)

Moustafa Pasha (1624-25)

Bairam Pasha (1626-28)

Mohamed Pasha (1628-30)

Moussa Pasha (1630)

Khalil Pasha (1631-32)

Bekeirgi Pasha (1632-35)

Hussein Pasha (1635-37)

Mohamed Pasha Gawan (1637-40)

Moustafa Pasha (1640-42)

Mansour Pasha (1642-44)

Ayub Pasha (1644-46)

Haydar Pasha (1646-7)

Moustafa Pasha Sanari (1647)

Mohamed Pasha (1647-49)

Ahmed Pasha (1649-50)

Abd El-Rahman Pasha (1650-52)

Khasky Pasha (1652-56)

Moustafa Pasha (1656-57)

Mohamed Pasha Zada (1657-60)

Moustafa Pasha (1660-61)

Ibrahim Pasha (1661-64)

Omar Pasha (1664-67)

Ibrahim Pasha Sufi (1667-68)

Qurah Qash Pasha (1668-69)

Katkhuda Pasha (1669-73)

Hussein Pasha (1673-75)

Ahmed Pasha (1675-76)

Abd El-Rahman Pasha (1676-80)

Osman Pasha (1680-83)

Hamza Pasha (1683-87)

Katkhuda Hassan Pasha (1687)

Hassan Pasha (1687-89)

Ahmed Pasha (1689-91)

Ali Pasha (1691-95)

Ismail Pasha (1695-97)

Hussein Pasha (1697-99)

Qurah Pasha (1699-1704)

Suliman Pasha (1704)

Mohamed Pasha (1704-06)

Muslim Pasha (1706-07)

Hassan Pasha (second time)(1707-09)

Ibrahim Pasha (1709-10)

Khalil Pasha (1710)

Wali Pasha (1711-14)

Eibedi Pasha (1714-16)

Ali Pasha (1716-20)

Ragab Pasha (1720-21)

Mohamed Pasha (1721-25)

Ali Pasha (1725)

Mohamed Pasha (second time)(1726-27)

Abu Bakr Pasha (1727-29)

Kaburli Pasha (1729-33)

Mohamed Pasha (1733)

Osman Pasha (1733-34)

Abu Bakr Pasha (second time)(1734-36)

Suliman Pasha (1739-40)

Ali Pasha (1740-41)

Yehia Pasha (1741-43)

Mohamed Pasha (1743-44)

Mohamed Ragheb Pasha (1744-48)

Ahmed Pasha (1748-1750)

Abdallah Pasha (1750-52)

Mohamed Amin Pasha (1752)

Moustafa Pasha (1752-55)

Ali Hakim Pasha (1755-57)

Mohamed Said Pasha (1757)

Moustafa Pasha (1757-60)

Ahmed Pasha (1760-61)

Bakir Pasha (1761-62)

Hassan Pasha (1762-65)

Hamza Pasha (1765-67)

Mohamed Raqim Pasha (1767-68)

Mohamed Orphalli (1768)

Mohamed Abu El-Dahab (1773)

Khalil Pasha (1774)

Moustafa Pasha (1774-75)

Ibrahim Pasha (1775-76)

Mohamed Ezzat Pasha (1776-78)

Ra'ef Pasha (1778-79)

Ibrahim Pasha (1779)

Ismail Pasha (1779-81)

Mohamed Yakin Pasha (1781-82)

Sharif Pasha (1782-83)

Mohamed Salahdar (1783-84)

Sharif Mohamed Pasha (1784-86)

Ebeidi Pasha (1786-89)

Ismail Pasha Tunsi (1789-91)

Mohamed Pasha (1791-94)

Salih Pasha (1794-96)

Sayyid Pasha (1796)

 

What's New ?

Featured King

Qa'a from the 1st Dynasty


Last Updated: June 9th, 2011

 

 

Who are we?

Tour Egypt aims to offer the ultimate Egyptian adventure and intimate knowledge about the country. We offer this unique experience in two ways, the first one is by organizing a tour and coming to Egypt for a visit, whether alone or in a group, and living it firsthand. The second way to experience Egypt is from the comfort of your own home: online.