The Mysteries of the Necropolis
The three great pyramids are typically assigned as the tombs of Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure...three pharaohs of the fourth dynasty. Yet no pharaohs have ever been found in these monuments (conventional wisdom has held that grave robbers made off with the remains and treasure placed inside), and the authors put forth that the idea that the pyramids are not only tombs, but may in fact have been built for much more.
Analysis of what these pyramids mean, and how and what their structure and height implies, has been much discussed. The Great pyramid originally measured, before the erosion, at 481 feet tall and its four sides are each 755 feet to the base. Khafre's pyramid was originally slightly smaller, a destined height of 471 feet, while the third stands some 215 feet tall.
Here some mathematic parallels come into play. Modern thinkers now believe that the pyramids themselves are positioned precisely according to astronomical parallels, perfect right angles that point into the heavens as possibly some sort of guide. The arcs of the pyramids are so synchronous, in fact, that they differ at most by as little as less than five percent of one degree. This points to a painstaking commitment to detail, by ancient engineers who apparently appeared to in fact look for challenges in design. Modern engineers have marveled at the difficulty of moving 200 ton slabs of stone, a technical marvel, even in present day. The ability of the engineers to perfectly build this structure on wildly uneven ground baffles even the most optimistic scholar.
Even some shafts within the pyramids were built at perfect 45 degree angles and did not provide exits to the outside. It seems that they too might have had greater meaning. The eyes of the Great Sphinx, and of the necropolis of Giza, now seem to point to some sort of ancient observatory, one who tracked the summer and winter solstices, and as such the trajectory of the sun. Higher mathematics? Elevated astronomy? Was man in fact a more advanced species five to fifteen thousand years ago? We are wrought with questions. This necropolis, if used according to its perceived functions, could have been used to track ships on the approaching seas, to track the days and seasons, and to track the changing positions of the stars.
The shafts themselves in the great pyramid point to the stars Zeta Orionis, Sirius, Beta Ursa Minor, and Alpha Draconis circa 2500 BC. With computers we are able to reconstruct the ancient skies over Giza and see this to be correct. Considering the precise placement of the three pyramids and the Sphinx and using computers to backtrack the skies of Giza to 10,500 B.C., what we see is amazing. In pre-dawn, with the sun at 12 degrees below the horizon, the Great Sphinx is looking at the constellation Leo the Lion, his celestial counterpart. At sunrise, the three stars of Orions belt are copied on the ground by the three pyramids. Exactly. Of course this is presumably 8,000 years before the pyramids were built. There are several notable men that believe the pyramids have been incorrectly dated. Herodotus attributes the invention of the twelve signs of the zodiac and the solar year to the Egyptians, not the Greeks. If that is so then one question that comes to mind is this: If the pyramids were built 4,000 years ago, making it the Age of Taurus the Bull, why does the Sphinx resemble a lion? The Great Sphinx researcher, John Anthony West wrote:
Every aspect of Egyptian knowledge seems to have been complete at the very beginning. The sciences, artistic and architectural techniques and the hieroglyphic system show virtually no signs of a period of development; indeed, many of the achievements of the earliest dynasties were never surpassed or even equaled later on. This astonishing fact is readily admitted by orthodox Egyptologists, but the magnitude of the mystery it poses is skillfully understated, while its many implications go unmentioned. How does a complex civilization spring full-blown into being? Look at a 1905 automobile and compare it to a modern one. There is no mistaking the process of development. But in Egypt there are no parallels. Everything is right there at the start. The answer to the mystery is of course obvious, but because it is repellent to the prevailing cast of modern thinking, it is seldom seriously considered. Egyptian civilization was not a development, it was a legacy.