The two islands of Salouga and Ghazal in the River Nile are about 3 km north of Aswan dam. Islands of Asbournati and Amoun and the plantation garden at Aswan are north of the reserve vicinity. As for Sohail island it lies in its southern area.
The reserve area is characterized by predominantly expanding kinds of bushes that survived after the establishment of the old Aswan dam and the High Dam. The huge greenery in the area comprises 94 kinds of various plants.
The favourable natural conditions in the area provided wildlife chances for resident as well as migrating birds. About 60 kinds of these rare birds live there but universal danger of their extinction is looming.