A Funerary figurine, usually in the form of a mummy, which served as a dead mans deputy in order to do labor for him, mostly agricultural, in the afterlife. This term applies to these figures prior to the 21st Dynasty but after the end of the First Intermediate Period, and really only to figurines inscribed with chapter six of the Book of the Dead. Otherwise, they might better be defined by the generic term, funerary figurines.

The Shabti counterparts after the 21st Dynasty were called Ushabti, and Shawabti (were a distinct class of funerary figurines within the area of Thebes during the New Kingdom).

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