Anwar Sadat - Man of War and Peace
Curriculum Vitae (C.V.)
by Dr. Abdel H. Ragab
Anwar Sadat, a cadet in the Military Academy (1936)
1- Born on the 25th of December (Christmas Day 1918, in Mit Abu elkom- Mounofia Province - Delta Egypt.
2- Attended elementary school, and the Coptic school around his village.
3- Attended Fouad secondary school in Abbasia, Cairo and graduated in 1936.
Sadat with his classmates at the Communications Military School
Marriage photo of Anwar and Gihan Sadat
4- Joined for a brief period the Faculty of Art, law and Commerce.
5- Joined the Egyptian military Academy in 1937 and graduated in 1938 from the communication (signal) school.
6- Officer in the Egyptian army until 1942, when he was imprisoned for attempted collaboration with the German army.
President Nasser shaking hands with Anwar Sadat (then Vice President),
before Nasser's trip to the Arab Conference in 1969.
President Sadat stands before a large map showing the sites from which the
armed forces would move on Saturday October 6, 1973. Lieutenant Major
General Ahmad Asmail and L.M.G. El Gamasy stand beside him.
7- After his release he collaborated in an attempted assassination of Mostafa El Nahas and the assassination of Amin Asman (a British sympathizer).
8- Jailed for the second time for 2 1/2 years.
9- After his release from prison, he lost his position as an army officer and worked at some menial jobs including - porter at the railway station, digging ditches, transporter of rubble.
Raising the Egyptian flag for the first time
on the Israeli Bar-Lev line of defense.
An informal meeting at Camp David, Maryland, between Jimmy Carter,
Menahem Began and Anwar Sadat. (courtesy of the Carter Library, Atlanta, Georgia)
The dramatic moment of the signing of the Camp David accord. President Carter
is shown between Sadat and Begin, the three signing the treaty. Behind them
stood Syrus Vance, the American minister of Foreign Affairs.
10- He was re-instated as an officer in the army in 1951, and joined the free officer movement.
11- Positions held after the revolution:
Editor in Chief of Al-Gumhurieh, a daily newspaper (1953).
Minister of State (1954).
Secretary General of the Islamic congress (1955).
Speaker of the National Assembly.
Appointed Vice President by Nasser in 1969.
After Nasser's death, elected President of Egypt October 15, 1970.
Sadat's International Best Friends:
1. King Feisal (S. Arabia)
2. Shah Pavlavi (Iran)
3. Joseph Broz Tito (Yugoslavia)
4. Jimmy Carter (USA)
Sadat's International Enemies:
1. Podgorny & Krushchev of the U.S.S.R.
2. Khomeini (Iran)
President Sadat's military funeral procession - 10 October, 1981
Sadat in a moment of deep thought
Accomplishments of Anwar Sadat
1) Economic: Infitah -- Open door policy -- the conversion of the Egyptian
economy from a state-run bureaucracy to a free enterprise system.
2) Social: An end to state-run surveillance of individuals.
3) Political: Turning Egypt's political affiliation from the Soviet Union to the
Western countries. The steps included:
i) The Expulsion of 17,000 Soviet defense experts in 1972.
ii) The renewed friendship of the USA & return of diplomatic relations
between the two countries.
4) The successful October 6, 1973 war with Israel.
5) Trip to Jerusalem - November 19, 1977.
6) The Camp David Peace Accord (September 1978)
Good Public Image: For the first time, Egypt had a positive image in the West.
Last Updated: May 18th, 2011